Internet Users Face New Restrictions In China
Changes suggest China under new leader Xi Jinping will continue to control internet use.
1:40pm UK, Friday 28 December 2012
China has tightened internet controls, legalising the deletion of posts or pages which are deemed to contain "illegal" information.
The new laws also require service providers to hand over such information to the authorities for punishment.
The move signals that the new leadership headed by Communist Party chief Xi Jinping will continue to muzzle the often scathing online chatter in a country where the internet offers a rare opportunity for debate.
The regulations, announced by the official Xinhua news agency, also require internet users to register with their real names when signing up with network providers, though, in reality, this already happens.
Chinese authorities and Internet companies such as Sina Corp have long since closely monitored and censored what people say online, but the government has now put measures such as deleting posts into law.
The rules state: "Service providers are required to instantly stop the transmission of illegal information once it is spotted and take relevant measures, including removing the information and saving records, before reporting to supervisory authorities."
The restrictions follow a series of corruption scandals amongst lower-level officials exposed by internet users, something the government has said it is trying to encourage.
Li Fei, deputy head of parliament's legislative affairs committee, told a news conference the rules did not mean people needed to worry about being unable to report corruption online.
But he warned: "When people exercise their rights, including the right to use the internet, they must do so in accordance with the law and constitution, and not harm the legal rights of the state, society ... or other citizens."
Chinese internet users already cope with extensive censorship measures, especially over politically sensitive topics like human rights and elite politics, and popular foreign sites Facebook, Twitter and Google-owned YouTube are blocked.
Earlier this year, the government began forcing users of Sina's wildly successful Weibo microblogging platform to register their real names, a move quickly condemned by some users.
"So now they are getting Weibo to help in keeping records and reporting it to authorities. Is this the freedom of expression we are promised in the constitution?" complained one user.
"We should resolutely oppose such a covert means to interfere with internet freedom," wrote another.
The government says tighter monitoring of the internet is needed to prevent people making malicious and anonymous accusations online.
It also wants to stop users disseminating pornography and spreading panic with unfounded rumours, pointing out that many other countries already have such rules.