GM to run robot cars in San Francisco without human backups
By TOM KRISHER October 15,
DETROIT (AP) — General Motors’ Cruise autonomous vehicle unit says it will pull the human backup drivers from its vehicles in San Francisco by the end of the year.
Cruise CEO Dan Ammann said in
a statement that the company got a permit Thursday from California’s Department
of Motor Vehicles to let the cars travel on their own.
The move follows last
week’s announcement from Waymo that it would open its autonomous
ride-hailing service to the public in the Phoenix area in vehicles without
Waymo, a unit of Google
parent Alphabet Inc., is hoping to eventually expand the service into
California, where it already has a permit to run without human backups.
Cruise has reached the point
where it’s confident that it can safely operate without humans in the cars,
spokesman Ray Wert said. There’s no date for starting a ride service, which
would require further government permission, he said.
Cruise will go
neighborhood-by-neighborhood in San Francisco and launch the driverless
vehicles slowly before spreading to the entire city, he said. It will hold
neighborhood meetings to answer people’s questions, he said.
“We understand that this is a
trust race as much as it is a technology race,” Wert said. “This is absolutely
about making sure that we’re doing this with San Francisco.”
The moves by Waymo and
Cruise, which are considered among the leaders in autonomous vehicle
technology, are important steps in the march toward proliferation of
Progress toward autonomous
vehicles slowed markedly after an Uber autonomous test SUV ran down a
pedestrian in Tempe, Arizona, in 2018.
Steven Shladover, a research
engineer at the University of California, Berkeley, who has studied autonomous
driving for 40 years, said the moves are the next logical steps by both
companies in a gradual progression.
“I don’t see them as
revolutionary steps, but they’re part of this step-by-step progress toward
getting the technology to be able to work under a wider range of conditions,”
Both Cruise and Waymo program
their vehicles to drive more conservatively than humans, but still need to
progress safely, Shladover said. He noted that Cruise will tackle easier areas
in San Francisco first before venturing into more complex traffic situations.